Regular expressions for networking

Here's a few regular expressions that could come in handy in your everyday networking life...

Matching IPv4:
for example: 192.0.2.1

(((2(5[0-5]|[0-4][0-9])|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.){3}(2(5[0-5]|[0-4][0-9])|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?))

Matching IPv4 CIDR slash-notation:
for example: 192.0.2.1/32

(((2(5[0-5]|[0-4][0-9])|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.){3}(2(5[0-5]|[0-4][0-9])|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)(/(3[012]|[12]?[0-9])))

Matching IPv6:

/((([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){7}([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){6}(:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}|((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3})|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){5}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,2})|:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3})|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){4}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,3})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4})?:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){3}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,4})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){0,2}:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){2}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,5})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){0,3}:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){1}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,6})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){0,4}:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:))|(:(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,7})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){0,5}:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:)))(%.+)?/

The regex matches the following IPv6 address forms. Note that these are all the same address:

fe80:0000:0000:0000:0204:61ff:fe9d:f156 // full form of IPv6
fe80:0:0:0:204:61ff:fe9d:f156 // drop leading zeroes
fe80::204:61ff:fe9d:f156 // collapse multiple zeroes to :: in the IPv6 address
fe80:0000:0000:0000:0204:61ff:254.157.241.086 // IPv4 dotted quad at the end
fe80:0:0:0:0204:61ff:254.157.241.86 // drop leading zeroes, IPv4 dotted quad at the end
fe80::204:61ff:254.157.241.86 // dotted quad at the end, multiple zeroes collapsed

In addition, the regular expression matches these IPv6 forms:

::1 // localhost
fe80:: // link-local prefix
2000:: // global unicast prefix

One could optionally append the following to match on a slash-notation style prefix.

(/[0-9][0-9]?|1([01][0-9]|2[0-8]))?

Matching private AS numbers:

(6(4(5(1[2-9]|[2-9][0-9]|[6-9][0-9][0-9])|[6-9][0-9][0-9])|5([0-4][0-9][0-9]|5([0-2][0-9]|3[0-5]))))

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